2 edition of HIV-1 seroprevalence among antenatal clinic attendees in India from 2000 to 2003. found in the catalog.
HIV-1 seroprevalence among antenatal clinic attendees in India from 2000 to 2003.
Written in English
India is experiencing an HIV-1 epidemic. HIV-1 sentinel surveillance systems are in place but analyses of these data have been limited. This thesis has three objectives, to describe: trends in HIV-1 seroprevalence among 281,978 antenatal clinic attendees from 2000 to 2003 in different regions, potential biases with these data and associations between HIV-1 status and risk factors.In the south, among attendees aged 15 to 24 years, a significant decrease was observed from 2000 to 2003 (1.7%-1.2%) (p=0.04). The same pattern was seen among urban, migrant and illiterate attendees. In other regions, no clear trend was observed. Characteristics of attendees did not change substantially over time with respect to age, education, and migrant status. Syphilis status was the only factor significantly associated with HIV-1 status in all regions. Declines in HIV-1 seroprevalence, exclusively among young attendees in the south, suggest prevention efforts in that region may be working.
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Objective To determine to what extent antenatal clinic (ANC)‐based estimates reflect HIV prevalence trends among men and women in a high prevalence urban population.. Methods Examination of data from serial population‐based HIV surveys in (n = ), (n = ) and (n = ), and ANC‐based surveillance in (n = ), (n = ) and (n = ) in the same site Cited by: One of the two types of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. HIV-1 is transmitted through direct contact with HIV-infected body fluids, such as blood, semen, and vaginal fluids, or from a mother who has HIV-1 to her child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding (through breast milk). HIV-1 is responsible for the majority of HIV infections.
Countries are considering secondary distribution of HIV self-tests to partners of women attending antenatal clinics, as it could be a sustainable approach to reach men. Related links HIV self-testing. rapy (ART) in Manicaland, Zimbabwe. Methods: Trends in HIV prevalence in local ANC attendees and adults aged 15–49 years in towns, agricultural estates, and villages were compared using five rounds of parallel ANC (N = ) and general-population surveys (N = 10 ) and multivariable log-linear regression. Changes in the age pattern of HIV prevalence and the age distribution of ANC.
Proportion of partners of antenatal care clinic attendees who start HIV treatment, undergo circumcision, or attend discordant couples clinic [ Time Frame: 28 days ] Risk of adverse events (e.g. partnership breakdown, intimate partner violence, etc.) related to self-testing reported by antenatal care clinic attendees or HIV-positive index. cord data in three distinct communities with differing levels of urbanization. Combined HIV seroprevalence rates were % for Agomanya, the most rural community, % for Akwatia, and % for Nkawkaw, the most urbanized community. HIV-1 infection alone accounted for % of cases, compared with % and % for HIV-2 and dual infection, respectively. In a multivariable model, the .
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The average HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal clinic in India is % as per NACO annual report The present study revealed a prevalence rate of %. Different authors have reported different seropositivity rates, ranging from % to %.Cited by: 1.
The prevalence of HIV infection among mothers who attended Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) programs in 30 district hospitals in Tamil Nadu state was % and % in andrespectively.
5 The first study done in the antenatal clinics at Christian Medical College (CMC), a private tertiary referral hospital in. The average HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal clinics in India is %.
The HIV prevalence in the antenatal clinic attendees in the Northeastern state of Manipur was % and in Mizoram was % inwhich was among the highest in the country in this group of by: 5 In Tamil Nadu new infections was estimated at and the prevalence of HIV infection at % in 1 In India, prevalence of HIV infection among pregnant women was % though India.
PDF | Background: Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is spreading worldwide at an alarming rate and India has | Find, read and cite all the research.
Increasing trend of HIV seroprevalence among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Pune, India 2-fold rise among antenatal attendees (% to %), and 3-fold rise in blood donors (% to 0. Thesis: Characterizing the HIV epidemic in India and quantifying the impact of targeted interventions.
– Master of Science (Epidemiology) Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto. Thesis: HIV-1 seroprevalence among antenatal clinic attendees in India from to – Honours Bachelor of Science.
Trend of seroprevalence of HIV among antenatal clinic attendees at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria for both HIV-1 and HIV The overall seroprevalence rose gradually.
In sub-Saharan Africa, syphilis prevalence among pregnant women has been found to range from to 18% among antenatal clinic attendees, with the highest prevalence in the age group 35–49 years. The epidemic is predominantly caused by heterosexual transmission; in a year period from tonational HIV seroprevalence among antenatal clinic attendees Cited by: This study aims at estimating the recent trends in HIV-1 prevalence and the factors associated with infection among pregnant women in the Gulu District of north Uganda, a rural area severely affected by civil strife.
In –, a total of antenatal clinic attendees of Lacor Hospital were anonymously tested for HIV-1 by: Sexually transmitted infections constitute a major public health problem worldwide. Syphilis and HIV infections cause various adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HIV and syphilis infections among pregnant women at Gondar Family Guidance Association clinic, northwest Ethiopia. A retrospective study was conducted using Cited by: 1.
John et al. reported that among men in clinics for STDs, the prevalence was more than 16% in% inbut about 9% in, and which shows that Tamil Nadu had a clear decline in prevalence since /Cited by: 4.
Household surveys among the general population 18 Planning a cross-sectional survey for estimating the incidence based on household sampling methodology in the general population 18 Limitations of household surveys among the general population 19 Calculation of incidence in household-type surveys ().
Dynamics and impact of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus in North India. Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review.
Trop Med Int Health (). – The results were used to estimate the prevalence among the district's female population, accounting for differences in fertility rates by HIV-1 serostatus. ResultsAmong antenatal clinic attendees, HIV-1 prevalence showed a significant linear decrease (P.
Methods. A serological screening was carried out during the period August–November to assess the risk of infection with HIV-1/2, and co-infection with HBV, HCV, and syphilis among the outpatients attending STD clinics, Ob-Gyn OPD clinics, and ANC of three district hospitals (Agra, Etawah, and Farrukhabad) of Uttar Pradesh state in Northern by: ; – doi: / Saphonn V, Hor LB, Ly SP, Chhuon S, Saidel T, Detels R.
How well do antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees represent the general population. A comparison of HIV prevalence from ANC sentinel surveillance sites with a population-based survey of women aged 15–49 in by: India is categorized as a low prevalence nation for HIV with a seroprevalence rate of less than 1% among the adult population .The country experienced a sharp increase in the estimated number of HIV infections, from a few thousand in the early s to around million adults and children living with HIV/AIDS in .In view of our large population pool of one billion plus, a mere Cited by: India was the country of closest geographic proximity with published HBeAg prevalence among antenatal populations positive for HBsAg, ranging between % and %; [19–21] we used the estimate of % for presumed HBeAg prevalence among women testing positive for HBsAg in the model.
The model population was the birth cohort for the Cited by:. rates. HIV sentinel surveillance conducted across anC sites in in India indicate that considerable differences continue to exist in HIV prevalence across different geographical regions HIV prev.
alence among anC attendees was higher than the national estimate of % in ten states. syphilis testing of antenatal women is recommended.In Africa, seroprevalence of syphilis ranges from 4 to 15% among antenatal clinic attendees and it contributes to approximately 20% of prenatal deaths [7–9].
Variations in socio-demographic characteristics, sexual practices and behavior of the communities, inaccessibility to treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and cultural Author: Kiros Tareke, Abaineh Munshea, Endalkachew Nibret.Results: The seroprevalence rate during the study period was %.Parity, age at first coitus, educational status, marital status and occupation do not seem to increase the risk.
However, partner being unemployed, hospital/clinic delivery, the route of last delivery, previous induced abortion and the number of lifetime partners were identified as risk for HIV seropositivity (all p-values.